So called ‘secret police’ forces were a force to be reckoned with and feared throughout the world.
Usually, these police forces were hired and employed by the rulers of different countries, so had no one to answer to apart from the rulers of the country itself. These were favoured by dictators and fascist countries, who relied on fear to keep their people in check and to halt any revolutions, most often brought on by severe poverty of the country. The people of the country remained in poverty whilst the countries autocracy lived in luxury. This angered many and the people would start to rebel against the rulers, leading to assassinations of the royal families.
The reason for these police forces was to protect the royal families of the different countries in tumultuous times.
Below is a list of secret police forces around the world:
Russia : The Okhrana.
Russia and espionage go hand in hand. There have been many different secret police forces throughout the history of Russia, such as Ivan the Terrible’s oprichniki, Nicholas I’s The Third Section and The Cheka. Many of us are familiar with the KGB but before the KGB was The Okhrana.
In the 19th century, in a tense Russia, the Okhrana began as a result of the Tsar Alexander II’s assassination by a carriage bomb by a group called the People’s Will. This was after quite a few failed assassination attempts on their part. It was Tsar Alexander III who came into power after, who started this organisation, to stop any trouble before it started. The aim of this force was to protect the royal family and Russia itself. They could infiltrate groups, go undercover and observe suspicious people as well as detaining them.
The force was a success as a lot of arrests were made, despite the forces small numbers. This did however stop the force from being a complete success as they could carry out mass arrests of other groups, but they were to small in number to stop attacks from happening. And these other groups were growing too quickly.
The Okhrana is probably responsible for thousands of deaths and exiles in Russia.
Haiti : The Tonton Macoutes
In 1959, Francois ‘Papa Doc’ Duvalier, a ruthless ruler of Haiti, created a brutal paramilitary group that would report only to him and was allowed to use violence to dispose of his enemies. Papa Doc was so paranoid of the countries own regular armed forces, he let this ‘goon squad’ run wild in Haiti, murdering thousands of innocent Haitians. They would burn people alive and leave hanging bodies as a message to to others. They would extortion money from people and sent corpses to America for study for a good price. When these corpses ran low, people would be murdered to make up. America has been blamed for not intervening despite knowing about the atrocities that were being committed in Haiti.